Agriculture is an important sector for economic growth of any nation. Although the sector has a lot of challenges especially in developing countries, the application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) with emphasis on wireless sensor network (WSN) indicates enhanced productivity. In this work, wireless sensor network was applied in conjunction with GSM technology and was used to monitor and control various environmental factors. The model monitored temperature, humidity, soil moisture and water level which were evaluated to activate or deactivate the designed irrigation system with set threshold values. The threshold value for soil moisture was 65% and temperature range was 0 - 35°C (F). For temperature within the threshold range and soil moisture sensor indicating Low, the irrigation pump will come ON and stays ON as long as the sensor reading is LOW. The irrigation pump goes OFF when the temperature is out of range even when the moisture level is LOW. Results obtained showed that the system has an advantage of robustness, reliability in data transmission, but energy consumption was one of the most challenging aspects of the networks at various stages. Consequently, network lifetime was shortened. Hence there is improved agricultural yield with effective and efficient application of wireless sensor network technology.
Wireless Sensor Networks, RF module, Moisture, Irrigation, Agriculture, Temperature
Rose Nwabueze Ifeakanwa , C. A. Nwabueze , S. A. Akaneme "Enhancing Agricultural Production Using Wireless Sensor Network" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals Volume 2 Issue 11 2019 Page 274-284
Rose Nwabueze Ifeakanwa , C. A. Nwabueze , S. A. Akaneme "Enhancing Agricultural Production Using Wireless Sensor Network" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals, 2(11)