Water is an integral part of human existence, its quality is of great significance to its uses, which can serves as a frame work for medical investigation for spread and trends of water borne diseases. This research is aimed at investigating the possible impact of surface water and groundwater quality on human’s health. The study area lies within latitude 70061N and 70 111 and longitude 60 081 E and 60 151. The study was conducted by collection of surface water and groundwater samples for physico-chemical and microbial analysis. The study shows that the physico-chemical parameters of the water falls within the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Nigerian Standard of Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ) permissible limits, with the exception pH indicating that the water is slightly acidic, iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), and Cadmium (Cd) and Lead (Pb) that are slightly above the permissible limits. The health risk assessment of the water is based on the acidic nature of the water and the heavy metals that are above the permissible limits of WHO and NSDWQ. The concentration of Fe and Mn has a positive correlation with the pH indicating a geogenic origin of the heavy metals, while Cd and Pb has a negative correlation with the pH of the water and they are probably due to anthropogenic activities than geogenic origin. The microbial presence of the water is low, which is probably responsible for the low value of biological oxygen demand of the water. The possibly health challenges from prolong intake of the water includes possible neurological disorder and carcinogenic health risk. The acidic nature and the high Fe concentration of the water possibly have a secondary health impact on the human.
Water quality, health challenges, physico-chemical parameters, carcinogenic
Umoru Titi Abdulasisi , Sule Tunde Usman Nurudeen , Idris Gimba Nurudeen , Sanni Eshovo Blessing , Anetekhai, Simon Aitsaguegbe "Medical Geology and Geostatistical Investigation of Surface Water and Groundwater Quality; Health Challenges in Auchi, Nigeria" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals Volume 6 Issue 10 2023 Page 48-53
Umoru Titi Abdulasisi , Sule Tunde Usman Nurudeen , Idris Gimba Nurudeen , Sanni Eshovo Blessing , Anetekhai, Simon Aitsaguegbe "Medical Geology and Geostatistical Investigation of Surface Water and Groundwater Quality; Health Challenges in Auchi, Nigeria" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals, 6(10)