Elections are one of the major components of a democratic process. The people must be willing to participate in the election in order to legitimise the power and authority of elected political leaders. It enables a ruler-ship by the consent of a people. For an election to be considered to have integrity, it must be free, fair and transparent, in most nascent democracies elections are manually conducted, which are mostly prone to corrupt practices and manipulations, which in most cases lead to post election violence, crisis and prolong cases at the tribunals and courts. With the introduction of electronic voting (E-voting) and usage of Bimodal Voter Accreditation System by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in the 2023 general elections in Nigeria, this work will be taking a look at the dynamics of the innovation of BVAS as it affects 2023 elections in Nigeria and how INEC can use BVAS to strengthen the electoral process and minimise post election crisis. In preparing this work Technology Advancement Theory (TAM) Innovation Diffusion Theory (IDT) and e-democracy theory was analysed, and the (IDT) theory was adopted as theoretical framework. In the course of this work qualitative research method in form of secondary literature analysis, books, related websites, newspapers, INEC sources etc, was applied as source of literature. In the final analysis we came to the conclusion that BVAS was a good innovation and the usage must be sustained and improved upon by INEC. Finally this work will not only contribute to other available literature on electronic voting but act as catalyst to further extensive research on BVAS.
Democracy, Election, E-Voting, BVAS, INEC and Voting
Lawrence Osabuohien Ogieva , Adekunle Saheed Ajisebiyawo "Transparent Elections in Nigeria: An Assessment of The Introduction of Electronic Voting (BVAS) in the 2023 General Elections in Nigeria" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals Volume 6 Issue 10 2023 Page 709-716
Lawrence Osabuohien Ogieva , Adekunle Saheed Ajisebiyawo "Transparent Elections in Nigeria: An Assessment of The Introduction of Electronic Voting (BVAS) in the 2023 General Elections in Nigeria" Iconic Research And Engineering Journals, 6(10)